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擺臂式垃圾車使用說明書(中英文板)

  • 作者:智能專用汽車   發布時間:2016-07-14 新聞瀏覽熱度: 215
  •   >擺臂式垃圾車

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      >使用說明書

      >Swing arm garbage truck operation instruction manual

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    前 言


    擺臂式垃圾車是一種常用的環衛車輛。主要用於城鎮的街道、住宅區、機關院校和廠礦企業的垃圾收運,也可以用於施工建設中灰土、沙石的運輸,也可以裝運煤炭和礦石。

    Swing arm garbage truck is a sanitation vehicle which commonly used in garbage transportation of town streets, residential quaters, mining area and factory etc , also can be used to transport the dust, gravel for construction work and carry coal and ore.


    您必須嚴格按照本說明書所述方法和各項規定,正確使用和保養本車。正確的操作和日常維護保養是實現安全運輸、減少故障、延長使用壽命的基本保證。本車的操作、維修人員應仔細地閱讀本說明書,對擺臂式垃圾車相關原理和使用、操作要領有較透徹的了解,以保證安全、有效的使用車輛。

    Customer must use and maintenance vehicle correctly in strict according to the said method of manual and each regulation.Correct operation and daily maintenance work is the basic guarantee that come true the safe transport, reduce the breakdown, increase of service life.To ensure use the vehicle safe and effective, person who operate and maintain the vehicle must read the manual carefully, so that could have a perspective on correlation theory and operating essentials of swing arm garbage truck.


    本手冊是車輛的一部分,應與車輛一起保存和使用,手冊的圖形和說明在出版時是正確的,但我公司產品的結構在不斷的改進和完善,因此有可能出現本手冊的介紹與車輛的實際結構不同的情況,敬請諒解。

    This manual is part of vehicle, should be kept and used with vehicle,the graph and station of manual is correct in the publication, but our product structure are making continuous improvements, maybe the introduce of manual is different with the actual structure of vehicle, thanks for your understanding.

    有關汽車底盤的維修與保養請參閱原底盤使用說明書。

    Please refer to the chassis manual about chassis repairing and maintenance.


    一. 擺臂式垃圾車外形圖outside drawing of swing arm garbage truck


    1-汽車底盤 2-料鬥 3-擺臂機構 4-鎖鉤 5-支腿 6-液壓係統 7-操作係統

    1-chassis 2-dust bin 3-swing arm institutions 4-hook 5-outrigger 6-hydraulic system 7-operating system


    二. 主要技術性能參數 

    main technical parameter



    參 數parameter  單 位unit

    整 車 型 號

    vehicle model

    底 盤 型 號

    chassis model

      EQ3120GKJ6
    貨 廂 容 積carriers volume

    12 m3

    長x寬x高length*width*height6970*2485*3950 mm
    軸 距wheelbase3950
    前輪距front tread1940
    後輪距rear tread1860
    整 備 質 量curb weight7300kg
    載 質 量payload weight5000

    總質量(含三人)

    total weight(including 3 person)

    12000
    最高車速max speed85km/h
    最大爬坡度max climbing capacity

    28%

    駐坡度 slope in

    ≥20%

    製動距離 braking length≤10m

    最小轉彎直徑

    minimum turning diameter

    13 m

    最小離地間隙

    minimum ground clearance

    240 mm

    接近角/離去角

    approach/departure angle

    °
    側傾穩定角roll stability angle45°

    車廂底板離地高度

    carriage floor ground clearance

    1350mm

    作業高度(距地麵)

    working height(above ground)

    3350

    擺臂最大擺角

    largest angle of arm

    124°

    自卸最大傾卸角

    max angle of dumping

    86
    擺臂擺動半徑swing radius of arm2700mm

    吊鏈拉斷力

    breaking force of chain hoist

    64kN

    液壓係統額定壓力

    rated pressure of hydraulic system

    16MPa

      >

    三.工作原理與結構特征operating principle and structural feature

    1.工作原理operating principle

    本車專用機構的工作是由液壓驅動的。液壓係統構成見圖一。Hydraulic pressure drive special institution of vehicle to work. Hydraulic system structure refer to figure 1.

    液壓係統由液壓油箱、油泵、多路換向閥、擺臂油缸、支腿油缸、鎖鉤油缸、平衡閥、液壓鎖、濾油器和管路等組成。Hydraulic system is including oil box,oil pump,multiple directional control value,swing arm oil cylinder,outrigger oil cylinder,hook oil cylinder,balance value,hydraulic lock,oil filter and pipelines etc.

    取力器從汽車發動機獲取動力,帶動油泵旋轉。操作多路換向閥可分別控製擺臂油缸、支腿油缸或鎖鉤油缸的伸縮運動,完成吊裝或卸料工作。PTO get power from engine and drive oil pump rotation.Operating multiple directional value can separately control the fore and aft motion of swing arm oil cylinder,outrigger oil cylinder or hook oil cylinder to finish working of hoisting or unloading.

    液壓係統中裝有平衡閥和液壓鎖。平衡閥在工作中可以保證擺臂的運動平穩和安全,防止料鬥失速。液壓鎖可以防止支腿液壓油缸在工作中發生軟腿現象並防止行駛中支腿意外伸出。Hydraulic system equip with balance value and hydraulic lock.Balance value can ensure smooth movement of arm and security, avoid hopper in a stall condition.Hydraulic can avoid outrigger hydraulic oil cylinder have a soft leg phenomenon in working and outrigger accident put out in driving.

    在不操作多路換向閥手柄時,油泵排出的液壓油經多路換向閥回到油箱。When we don t operate the multiple directional value handle, the hydraulic oil that pump discharge back to oil box by multiple directional value.

    液壓係統的最大工作壓力為16MPa,該壓力由多路換向閥上的安全閥來調定。在正常情況下,係統壓力超過16MPa時,液壓油會經安全閥流回油箱,這時往往表明係統超載,機構不能正常工作。安全閥的壓力值在出廠時已經調定,不要隨意調節。Max working pressure of hydraulic system is 16MPa,it is setted up by safety value of multiple directional value.Under normal situation, when the pressure of system exceed 16MPa, hydraulic oil would back to oil box by safety value,means that system overload and don t function properly.The pressure of safety value has been setted up well in factory, don t adjust it freely.

      >


    圖一,液壓係統圖Figure 1,hydraulic system plan

    1-擺臂油缸 2-液壓鎖 3-支腿油缸 4-油泵 5-液壓油箱 6-濾油器

    7-多路換向閥 8-安全閥 9-鎖鉤油缸 10-平衡閥 11-管路

    1-swing arm oil cylinder 2-hydraulic lock 3-outrigger oil cylinder 4-oil pump 5-hydraulic oil box 6-oil filter 7-multiple directional control value 8-safety value 9-hook oil cylinder 10-balance value 11-pipelines

    2.結構特征structural feature

    擺臂式垃圾車選用已定型的標準載貨汽車底盤,在底盤上增加專用裝置製造而成。專用裝置主要包括:擺臂機構、料鬥、鎖鉤、支腿、液壓係統、操作係統等。The swing arm garbage truck adopts the standard truck chassis, fitting a special unit on the chassis. The special unit is made of swing arm frame, feeder, hook, outrigger, hydraulic system and operation system.

    ● 擺臂機構: 擺臂機構的擺臂是由鋼板焊接成的箱型結構件。操作多路換向閥可驅動擺臂油缸繞擺動軸來回旋轉擺動。擺臂機構用來提升和卸下貨物(如料鬥)。Swing arm frame: Van-type constructional part welded by steel plates. The multiple directional control valve can drive the cylinder swing around the axle. This frame is used for loading and unloading (eg, feeder)

    ● 料鬥:料鬥是金屬焊接件,有敞開和密封兩種形式。用來盛裝貨物。Feeder: metal constructional part, including open and close types, and used for loading cargo.

    ● 鎖鉤:傾倒貨物時鉤住料鬥上的銷軸,防止料鬥脫落。Hook: hitch the pin on the feeder when damping the cargo to prevent the feeder from peeling.

    ● 支腿:本車作業時,必須先放下支腿,防止車輛翹頭。Outrigger: the outrigger must be lowered to prevent the truck from turning up when the truck is working.

    ● 液壓係統:本車的作業功能都是通過液壓係統來實現的。Hydraulic system: the function is realized through this system.

    ● 操作係統: 通過該係統實現各項功能的轉換。在操作多路換向閥前應掛上取力器帶動油泵工作。通過操縱多路換向閥的手柄可完成支腿的伸縮和裝鬥、卸鬥和卸料的工作。通過操作在多路換向閥旁的油門手柄,可控製發動機的轉速,從而調節係統的流量改變機構的工作速度。Operation system: the functions are converted by this system; the PTO should be hung before the multiple directional control valve and make the oil pump work. Operating the handle, the outrigger can be stretched in and out; the cargo can be loaded and unloaded. Operating the engine-control handle, the engine speed can be controlled, then the flow of control system can change the operation speed of frame.


    四.操作規程operating specification

    1.汽車的操作規程operating regulation of vehicle

    按照汽車底盤使用說明書的要求操作。駕駛員除了認真閱讀本說明書外,還應認真閱讀底盤使用說明書。Operate vehicle according to requirements of manual of chassis. Driver should read chassis manual carefully apart from vehicle manul.

    2.專用裝置操作規程operating regulation of special specification

    ● 作業前的準備:作業前要觀察場地是否符合要求。停車後要拉上駐車製動器。Preparation before working: observe whether the area is accord with requirements before working. Pull on parking brake after parking.

    ● 取力器的操作:工作時應掛上取力器。操縱取力器時,汽車發動機應怠速運轉,首先踩下離合器踏板,然後將取力器氣動開關合上,再緩慢鬆開離合器踏板。這時油泵開始運轉。Operation of PTO: the PTO should be turned on when operating and the engine should work in slow speed. First the clutch pedal is pressed, then the PTO switch is turned off, after that, slowly release the pedal, the oil pump starts working.

    ● 放下支腿:操作多路換向閥相應的手柄放下左右支腿,並確認牢固支撐於地麵後才能進行吊鬥或卸料作業。Put down outrigger:operate the corresponding handle of multiple directional value to put down right and left outrigger,and begin to swing hopper or unload after ensuring they are strong sustain the ground.

    ● 裝料:放下支腿,操作多路換向閥吊裝料鬥,料鬥上車後吊鏈要處於鬆弛狀態。吊裝完成後要操作多路換向閥鎖上鎖鉤,然後收回支腿。Loading:put down the outrigger,operate multiple directional value to hoist hopper,the chain hoist must be state of loose after hopper get on the vehicle. When finish hoisting operate multiple directional value lock the hook,and then take back outrigger.

    ● 運輸:收回支腿,脫開取力器後才可行車。 Transport:drive vehicle after tack back outrigger and disconnect PTO.

    ● 卸鬥:放下支腿,鬆開鎖鉤,吊下料鬥。Unload bucket:put down outrigger,loosen hook,lift of hopper.

    ● 卸料:放下支腿,保持鎖鉤鎖緊,操作擺臂使料鬥傾斜,貨物卸出後,操作擺臂使料鬥回位。Unloading:put down outrigger,keep hook locked,operate arm make the hopper is tilted,after goods discharged,operate arm make hopper back.

    五.使用注意事項Cautions

    1. 請嚴格按汽車底盤使用說明書和本說明書的規程要求進行汽車的駕駛操作和整車的專用功能操作。未閱讀說明書的人員嚴禁操作。Please finish the operation of drive and special functions in strict accordance with the requirements of chassis manual and this manual.Person forbid operate vehicle who don t read manual.

    2. 作業前要觀察場地是否平整,在大於12%的坡度上作業時必須用墊塊止動車輪。在擺臂工作範圍內不得有障礙物。observe whether the area is smooth before working,when work in gradient more than 12%, must use cushion block to stop the wheel.In the swing arm working range should not have obstacles.

    3. 吊裝作業時人員不得進入擺臂運動範圍內。Person can not enter the arm movement range when hoisting.

    4. 嚴禁不用支腿作業,必須確認支腿牢固支撐後才可作業。Forbid operate without outrigger, work after ensuring outrigger is strong sustain the ground.

    5. 安全閥的壓力值在出廠時已經調定,使用中不要隨意調節。The pressure of safety value has been setted up well in factory, don t adjust it freely.

    6. 必須嚴格遵守操作規程,操作時如發現有異常現象應立即停止工作,查明原因。有故障必須在排除後再繼續工作。Must strictly abide operate specification, should stop work immediately and identify the reason when have a unusual phenomenon in working.Start work again after clearing of fault.

    7. 液壓油的清潔是保證液壓係統能長期正常工作的重要條件。平時要注意檢查液壓油的狀況,如發現油液渾濁、發黑,應及時更換。換油時要通過濾油器並避免在操作中將雜物帶入油箱內。It is import to clean the hydraulic oil for keeping the hydraulic system being work normally. The oil should be checked as usual, if the oil becomes muddy or dark, then it needs to be replaced. While replacing the oil, a filter should be used for preventing the impurities from the oil tank.

    8. 行駛前應將取力器開關置於分離位置。PTO switch should be placed in separation before driving.

    9. 推薦使用液壓油:冬季N32普通液壓油,夏季N46普通液壓油。Recommend hydraulic oil: Winter N32 L-HL, Summer N46 L-HL.

    六.故障分析與排除analyze and eliminate fault

    故障現象fault phenomenon

    原 因reason

    排 除 措 施treatment measures

    油缸活塞杆漏油piston rod of oil cylinder leaks oil

    1. 密封圈損壞sealing ring damage

    2. 活塞杆表麵劃傷piston rod surface scratched

    1. 檢查導向套、更換密封圈check orienting sleeve,change sealing ring

    2. 用細沙紙修整或更換零件use sand paper repair or replacement parts.

    活塞杆爬行或蠕動piston rod crawl or peristalsis

    1. 液壓缸或液壓油內混入空氣hydraulic cylinder or hydraulic oil mixed in air

    1. 排除空氣removal air

    液壓缸舉升無力hydraulic cylinder lifting weak

    1. 活塞密封件損壞piston seal damage

    2. 係統壓力過低(安全閥失調)system pressure is too low(safety value disorders)

    3. 係統壓力過低(內泄露嚴重)system pressure is too low(inside leak serious)

    4. 油泵損壞oil pump damage

    5. 油箱液壓油不足hydraulic oil shortage

    6. 濾油器堵塞oil filter plug

    1. 檢查、更換密封件check and replace sealing

    2. 檢查、調整安全閥壓力check and adjust pressure of safety value

    3. 檢查、更換元件check and replace components

    4. 檢查、更換油泵check and replace oil pump

    5. 檢查、加足液壓油check and add hydraulic oil

    6. 檢查、更換濾芯check and replace filter

      >支腿軟腿outrigger soft

    1. 液壓鎖泄露hydraulic lock leak

    2. 油缸活塞密封件損壞piston sealing of oil cylinder damage

    1. 清洗、更換元件clean and replace components

    2. 檢查、更換密封件check and replace sealing

      >油管漏油fuel line leak

    1. 密封圈損壞sealing ring damage

    2. 油管密封麵損壞sealing face of oil line damage

    1. 檢查、更換密封圈check and replace sealing ring

    2. 檢查、更換油管check and replace oil line

    七.保養與維修Maintenance and service

    1.底盤的保養與維修按汽車底盤使用說明書的要求。Maintenance and service according to chassis manual.

    2.取力器的保養、換油與汽車變速箱同時進行。參照汽車底盤使用說明書的要求。 The maintenance of PTO,oil changes and gearbox also under the requirements of the vehicle instruction.

    3.每班工作完成後,必須清洗車廂和料鬥。Must clean the dust bin and hopper after work.

    4.應定期對整車的各聯結部位和潤滑點進行檢查,及時排除緊固件的鬆動現象和保證潤滑良好。Check all connections parts and lubrication point regularly,removal the fastener looseness promptly and ensure good lubrication.


    5.每年應對取力器、變速箱進行一次較全麵的清洗、檢查、維修。Clean ,check and repair PTO and gear box every year.



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